Development and Application of Behavioral Objectives for a High School Band Curriculum
Fritz, James Edward
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
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In recent years a need has been indicated for developing a manner of communicating goals and objectives in education. These goals and objectives provide a cohesive system of communication among educators regarding expectations of student achievement. The goals should be long range and give an overview of the material to be processed in the educational setting. Objectives should be more of a short term nature, and used as stepping-stones for achieving the long range goals. Just as the long range goals should be general and broad, the objectives should be carefully constructed and more specific than the general goals, yet not too restrictive or binding. The objectives should be the enumeration of some type of desired, observable behavior from the students. These overt behaviors must be linked to the desired outcome of the long range goals, in that the sum. of the objectives will lead to the total desired long range goals. In constructing the individual objectives, strict attention should be paid to keeping the objectives concise and clear. The content of each objective should contain exactly what is expected of the student involved i:n dealing with the objective as well as the activities included in each objective. To facilitate the above two points, there should be constant effort and care taken to make use of correct and valid terminology in an attempt to clarify all points of each objective. Lastly, a great deal or caution should be employed to make sure each objective is soundly measurable and, therefore, can be evaluated. After employing all the above areas of objective construction, these objectives must then be applied in a cogent manner in some form of outline or guide so they may be usable by educators in their individual educational settings with their individual student groups to achieve similar long range goals. These objectives and goals are to be put together for teacher-to-teacher communication, not as an outline or syllabus for the students. A syllabus or student goals outline is more easily developed from these objectives.