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dc.contributor.authorAusloos, Emily
dc.contributor.authorParadowski, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorRuth, Annette Marie
dc.contributor.authorStrom, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorVoruganti, Nihal
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-22T10:17:41Z
dc.date.available2021-05-22T10:17:41Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/81967
dc.descriptionAn article that appeared in JASS, issue 2018en_US
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this study was to evaluate how chewing gum both affects physiological stress responses directly and short-term memory indirectly. It was hypothesized that chewing gum will directly attenuate the elicited physiological stress response and indirectly enhance cognitive performance. Stress response to verbal and audio stressors was measured through changes in blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) via electrocardiography (ECG), and brain wave activity via electroencephalography (EEG). Two subject groups, Group A and Group B, completed a word search task followed by a recall task. The groups differed in the time at which they received a piece of gum within the study. Group A received gum after the stress induced task and Group B received the gum before the stress induced task. Results concluded that, contrary to the hypothesis and the findings of prior studies, chewing gum neither significantly changed the three physiological measurements upon exposure to the stressor, nor did it indirectly enhance cognitive recall performance. Increased systolic BP during the recall task was the only significant result between groups (p=0.039; 95% CI). Chewing gum led to a 5 times greater increase in BP, though marginally statistically insignificant (p=0.053: 95% CI). No significant findings were identified for HR or brain wave activity, either between groups or while chewing gum (vs. baseline). Increasing the amount of participants and improving quality of equipment could improve future studiesen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJournal of Advanced Student Sciences (JASS)en_US
dc.subjectBrain Wavesen_US
dc.subjectstressen_US
dc.subjectShort Term Memoryen_US
dc.subjectMasticationen_US
dc.subjectElectroEncepholoGram (EEG)en_US
dc.subjectElectroCardioGram (ECG)en_US
dc.subjectCognitive Recallen_US
dc.subjectBlood Pressureen_US
dc.subjectAudioen_US
dc.titleThe Effects of Chewing Gum on Physiological Stress Responses and Cognitive Recallen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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