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dc.contributor.authorDonhowe, Allison
dc.contributor.authorMilski, Abbie
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Sophia
dc.contributor.authorLeong Tan, Leon Yee
dc.contributor.authorVoigt, Marcus
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-18T01:28:51Z
dc.date.available2021-05-18T01:28:51Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/81881
dc.descriptionAn article that appeared in JASS, issue 2018en_US
dc.description.abstractCompetition is a prevalent motivator in everyday life. Previous studies have proven that competition influences hormonal levels and thus affect performance. The purpose of this study was to identify these physiological effects. This study was completed in two stages using a within-subject design. In both stages, participants were directed to clench a hand dynamometer as hard as possible for as long as possible. Stage one recorded baseline data from individuals completing the task alone. Stage two recorded experimental data from these same individuals competing against a same-gender peer. Individual differences between stages were attributed to the effects of competition. Four variables were measured in each stage: maximum clench force, fatigue time, electromyography, and change in heart rate. Fatigue time in male participants was found to increase significantly during competition; all other changes were statistically insignificant. Together, these results indicate that competition did not affect the physiological variables relative to the baseline. These results run contrary to numerous peer-reviewed publications, indicating a possible procedural problem.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJournal of Advanced Student Sciences (JASS)en_US
dc.subjectCompetitionen_US
dc.subjectElectromyography (EMG)en_US
dc.subjectFatigueen_US
dc.subjectGenderen_US
dc.subjectHeart Rateen_US
dc.subjectMuscleen_US
dc.subjectStrengthen_US
dc.subjectSympathetic Nervous Systemen_US
dc.titleEffect of Competition on Muscular Performanceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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