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dc.contributor.advisorOleszewska, Justyna
dc.contributor.authorMohawk, Kevin D.
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-16T16:56:23Z
dc.date.available2020-01-16T16:56:23Z
dc.date.issued2019-07
dc.identifier.urihttp://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/79586
dc.description"A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science Psychology-Cognitive and Affective."en_US
dc.description.abstractAssociative memory distortions are often studied using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm (Roediger & McDermott, 1995). Past research has found mixed results concerning the relationship between cognitive style (i.e., field independence/dependence; FD/FI) and susceptibility to false memories using the DRM paradigm. Other research has shown that processing style can be biased using a NAVON letter task by instructing individuals to either encode stimuli globally or locally (Weston & Perfect, 2005). For the present study, participants completed a DRM memory task followed by the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT). Participants were then randomly assigned to either a local or a global bias condition using a NAVON letter task. After completing the NAVON letter task, participants were asked to complete another DRM memory task. Results indicated that there was no difference in true or false memory as a function of cognitive style. When collapsed across cognitive style, biasing also did not result in any differences in true or false memories. However, biasing participants toward a global style resulted in less false memories for both FD and FI participants. FI participants also benefited from local biasing whereas this benefit was not obtained for FD individuals. These unexpected results could possibly be explained by the rigidity of FD individuals; biasing them toward a local style may have caused cognitive interference and hindered performance. FI individuals are more cognitively flexible and therefore benefited from either local or global biasing.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectAssociative memory distortionsen_US
dc.subjectCognitive styleen_US
dc.subjectFalse memoriesen_US
dc.subjectDeese-Roediger-McDermott paradigmen_US
dc.subjectNAVON letter tasken_US
dc.titleIndividual differences and processing bias influence on false memoriesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US


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