A Review of the Literature Pertaining to Noncompliance
Klatt, Kevin P.
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A lot of research exists to address noncompliance for children and adults. Several reviews of the literature pertaining to noncompliance exist; however, none of the reviews have investigated the functions of noncompliance nor the effectiveness of the function-based interventions. Therefore, the purpose of the current literature review was to examine the functions of noncompliance and analyze which function-based interventions were the most effective. Past studies which conducted a functional analysis or functional assessment on compliance or noncompliance were collected and organized. Results of this review suggest that the functions of noncompliance include attention, escape, access to tangibles, or combinations of the three. The percentage of effectiveness was calculated for each function based intervention. The results of the review along with recommendations for future research are discussed.