The Role of Group Status on Athlete Satisfaction and Team Cohesion Communication : Assessing the Roles of the In-Group & Out-Group in Collegiate Sports
Fay, Martha J.
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Research shows that the quality of the employee-supervisor relationship is associated with the amount of interaction between the employee and the supervisor. In the athletic realm, the quality of athlete-coach relationship has shown to have a direct impact on the natural hierarchy and social dynamic of a sports team. Based on leader-member exchange theory (Graen, 1995), a central tenet of good leader-member relationships rests on the assumption that some members have an “in” with the leader, called an in-group, which inherently creates an out-group. This study examines potential associations between an athlete’s group status (in- or out- group) and levels of team cohesion and athlete satisfaction. Using a modified version of Spector’s (1994) Job Satisfaction Survey and Treadwell, Kumar, Lavertue, and Veeraraghavan’s (2000) Group Cohesion Scale, researchers surveyed athletes in a division 3 collegiate school in the Midwest to evaluate in- and out-group athlete satisfaction and perceived team cohesion. Results were used to help coaches understand the impact of their relationships with athletes on team cohesion and athlete satisfaction.
Color poster with text, photographs and graphs.