Peer Mediation Through the Lens of Montessori: The Effects of Peer Mediation on Peer Interactions
Peer mediation is conflict resolution by youth, for youth. In a Montessori setting, students are given responsibility, freedom, and choice, often working without adult guidance. Peer mediation allows students to extend that freedom and responsibility to their own conflict resolution. The purpose of this action research project was to explore peer mediation through the lens of Montessori and the effects of peer mediation on peer interactions. Research was conducted in a suburban public charter Montessori school. It took place in an upper level elementary classroom consisting of 25 students in grades 4, 5, and 6, with an equal balance of boys and girls. The researcher used confidential student surveys and observations to analyze the effects of peer mediation in a Montessori Upper Elementary classroom. The research concluded that peer mediation in a Montessori environment had a positive effect on peer interactions.