Influence of Molecular Shape on the Thermal Stability and Molecular Orientation of Vapor-Deposited Organic Semiconductors
Ediger, Mark D
de Pablo, Juan J
Walters, Diane M
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High thermal stability and anisotropic molecular orientation enhances the performance of vapor-deposited organic semiconductors, but controlling these properties is a challenge in amorphous materials. To understand the influence of molecular shape on these properties, vapor-deposited glasses of three disk-shaped molecules were prepared. Enhanced thermal stability is observed for glasses prepared over a wide range of substrate temperatures and anisotropic molecular orientation is observed at lower substrate temperatures. We also performed atomistic simulations of thin liquid films of two of the disk-shaped molecules and find anisotropic molecular orientation at the equilibrium liquid surface. We propose that the structure and thermal stability of vapor-deposited glasses results from high surface mobility and partial equilibration toward the structure of the equilibrium liquid surface during the deposition process. For the three molecules studied, molecular shape is a dominant factor in determining the anisotropy of vapor-deposited glasses.