Resistance training and effects on distance running performance
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that simultaneous resistance training and endurance training had on distance running performance through the retrospective analysis of the existing public information of the collegiate indoor and outdoor track and field seasons by male and female distance runners who experienced the changes in coaches, coaching philosophies, and training strategies at the University of Wisconsin--Whitewater from the 2009 through 2010 seasons. Fourteen male distance runners and eight female distance runners competed in the indoor track and field season, while eleven male distance runners and six female distance runners competed in the outdoor track and field season in both 2009 and 2010 at the University of Wisconsin--Whitewater. Publicly available track and field meet results were obtained and the best single performance across events was identified for each runner using the Scoring Tables of Athletics published by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). For the indoor seasons, IAAF scores for males improved by 22.31 + 5.55 points from 2009 to 2010, which approached statistical significance (p = 0.0510), while IAAF scores for females declined by 19.50 + 1.35 from 2009 to 2010, which was statistically significant (p = 0 .0462). For the outdoor seasons, IAAF scores for males improved by 70.00 + 3.95, which was statistically significant (p = 0.0026), while IAAF scores for females declined by 11.00 + 15.74, which was not statistically significant (p = 0.3382). While the results were not overwhelming, the results do suggest that adding a resistance training program to a distance training program can improve the athletes overall running performance.
Track and field athletes--Training