|dc.description.abstract||Currently, two out of every three Americans are overweight or obese. Healthcare
providers frequently recommend dieting as a primary obesity intervention despite the
lack of empirical evidence demonstrating its long term effectiveness (Yaskin, Toner, &
Goldfarb, 2009). Few nursing researchers have explored the experiences of obese
people with dieting. The purpose of this qualitative, descriptive study was to examine the
attitudes of obese women toward dieting, their experiences with dieting, and what they
felt would assist them in improving their health and wellness.
The theoretical framework for this study was based on the Neuman Systems
Model (Neuman & Fawcett, 2002). Participants were recruited from a patient population
who sought healthcare services from a bariatric clinic in the Midwest. Informed consent
and a demographic questionnaire were completed prior to each interview. Interviews
were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim.
The following questions were asked; 1) What has been your experience with
dieting? 2) What did you feel were positive aspects of the dieting programs? 3) What
did you perceive to be barriers to long term weight loss maintenance with the dieting
programs? 4) What would be helpful to you now in dealing with your obesity? Data analysis incorporated Spiegelberg's (1965) three-step process of 1) intuiting, 2)
analyzing, and 3) describing. Colaizzi's (1978) method of analysis was used to develop
an exhaustive description of the phenomenon of dieting experiences of adult women.
The following themes emerged after data analysis: (a)If at first you don't succeed, try,try, and fail again; (b) Recognizing the problem is easy; finding a solution is difficult; (c)
The great dieting barriers: stress and emotion; and (d) Exercise is a four letter word.
The primary implications for advanced nursing practice included the importance
of treating the obese woman with a holistic approach, as well as development of an
individualized plan of care to assist her in achieving increased health and wellness.
Understanding the limitations of dieting for many obese patients reinforces the need for
practitioners to explore alternative interventions for future obesity management.||en