Comparison of effort levels of middle school male basketball players in physical education classes and athletic team practices
Grotenhuis, Jeff A.
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Heart rates were recorded on a sample of 37 middle school male athletes. ranging in age from 12-14, during physical education classes and basketball team practices. Each subject was measured during three physical education classes and three basketball practices. Each lesson and practice session lasted 45 minutes. The physical education class consisted of 10-12 minutes of warm up followed by 30-35 minutes of instruction and skill development. The basketball team practice consisted of 12-15 minutes of warm up followed by 30-35 minutes of drill and practice. Using Polar Vantage XL and Accurex IIa heart rate monitors (HRM) the subject's heart rate was measured for the duration of each session. A paired t-test was used to determine if significant differences existed between the two activities. No significant difference was found between the physical education class and the basketball team practice. The date indicate that there is no difference in effort levels of middle school male athletes in athletic team practices compared to physical education classes. Further investigations on different populations are needed to broaden the scope of this study. The primary goal of physical education is to establish an understanding of the body and develop an appreciation for exercise.
Basketball - Physiological aspects
Basketball for children
Heart beat - Measurement
Physical education for children