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Effects of the bent arm hang exercise and concentrated rope climbing on the ability to climb a rope

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Trickel, Bruce
Bachelder, Robert
Jul 31, 1967
Muscle strength; Gymnastics -- History; Gymnastics -- Physiological aspects
This study was made to determine the effect that the bent arm hang exercise and concentrated rope climbing would have on the ability of a fourth grade student to climb a rope. Boys and girls from six fourth grades in the public schools at Manitowoc, Wisconsin were used as subjects in this study. The study involved three groups: a control group which maintained their regular physical education schedule and did not do anything in conjunction with the study except perform in the pretest and post-test, the first experimental group took part in weekly practice sessions doing the bent arm hang exercise, and the second experimental group had weekly practice sessions in rope climbing. The latter two or these three groups continued the practice tor twelve weeks between the pretest and post-test trials. The three groups showed no significant statistical difference at the time of the pretest, in their rope climbing ability. The groups were compared statistically according to the analysis of variance, which is the F-test. At the end of the study the groups again were compared according to their rope climbing ability, and it was found through statistical treatment with t-ratios that the group that practiced weekly rope climbing was significantly better, at the 15% level of confidence, than the control group and also better than the experimental group that worked on the bent arm hang at a 10% level of confidence.
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