Probing the chemistry in the active site of P4H
Pua, Khian Hong
MetadataShow full item record
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase (P4H), a mononuclear, non-heme FeII, 2-oxoglutarate and O2 dependent enzyme, plays an integral role in the biosynthesis of collagen. It catalyzes the post-translational hydroxylation of proline residues that leads to the stabilization of the collagen triple helix. Mononuclear, non-heme FeII, 2-oxoglutarate and O2 dependent enzymes are known to catalyze a wide variety of reactions including oxidative aromatic ring cleavage, cis-dihydroxylation of double bonds, and the hydroxylation of aliphatic C-H bonds. Non-heme FeII enzymes which carry out oxidative halogenations have recently been discovered. Halogenase SyrB2 and hydroxylase P4H are related enzymes, both 2-oxoglutarage and oxygen dependent. It is thought that both the halogenations and hydroxylation reactions proceed via a similar mechanism, each performing an extremely difficult reaction, abstracting a hydrogen atom from an aliphatic carbon, to allow the formation of a halogenated or hydroxylated product. Here we report that replacing the aspartate residue in the active site of P4H with alanine, so that the active site now mimics that of the halogenase SyrB2 was not successful in converting P4H to do halogenations chemistry. In addition, switching the relative positions of residues involve in the active site in wild-type P4H results in the loss of hydroxylase activity and no gain in halogenase activity when critical residues in P4H wer substituted to mimic that of a halogenase.