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Relationship between health locus of control and health-related behaviors of nurse practitioners

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Gusman, Stacey L.
Zachman, Pam
Apr 13, 2009
Self-care, health; Attitude to health; Health Knowledge and Practice; Locus of control
Nurse practitioners (NPs) are experienced nurses with the education and clinical experience to instruct and counsel individuals and their families regarding healthy lifestyle behaviors. Nurse practitioners have great influence on their ability to be positive role models. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health locus of control (HLC) and health-related behaviors. A descriptive-correlation design was used in this quantitative study. Using systematic sampling, 100 members of the Wisconsin Advanced Nurses Association were selected. Three instruments were mailed to participants. Fifty-nine NPs returned the instruments for a response rate of 59%. Pearson's rwas used to identify the relationship between the variables. The theoretical framework selected as Pender's Health Promotion Model. Internal health locus of control (IHLC), the tendency to perceive responsibility for one's health lies with the individual, scored consistently higher by participants. The IHLC had a mean of 27.1 and a standard deviation of 4.0. Participants identified themselves as participating often in interpersonal relations (r = .49, P~ .026), spiritual growth (r =.49, P~ .001), and stress management (r =32, P ~ .013). The researcher concluded that NPs have control over their own health and often find peace within themselves, have meaningful and fulfilling relationships, and find time for relaxation each day.
A Clinical Paper Submitted in partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Nursing - Family Nurse Practitioner -- University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, 2008
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