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Waveland, Mississippi, November 1964: Death of SNCC, Birth of Radicalism

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Author(s)
Pronley, Matthew
Advisor(s)
Gough, Robert (Robert J.); Ducksworth-Lawton, Selika M.
Date
Jun 25, 2008
Subject(s)
African American--Civil rights--History; Waveland (Miss.); Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.); United States--Race relations; Radicalism--United States--History
Series
USGZE AS333
Abstract
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, pronounced Snick) was a nonviolent direct action organization that participated in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. After the Freedom Summer, where hundreds of northern volunteers came to participate in voter registration drives among rural blacks, SNCC underwent internal upheaval. The upheaval was centered on the future direction of SNCC. Several staff meetings occurred in the fall of 1964, none more important than the staff retreat in Waveland, Mississippi, in November. Thirty-seven position papers were written before the retreat in order to reflect upon the question of future direction of the organization; however, along with answers about the future direction, these papers also outlined and foreshadowed future trends in radical thought. Most specifically, these trends include race relations within SNCC, which resulted in the emergence of black self-consciousness and an exodus of hundreds of white activists from SNCC.
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http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/28703 
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