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MacroErgonomics Safety and Health Laboratory

 

MESH | University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Sam J. Alper, Ph.D.

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Contact Information

185 Hansen Court, Suite 100
Wood Dale, IL 60191
Phone: 630-274-3212
Fax: 630-27403299
Email: salper@exponent.com

About Me

Samuel's graduate research in the MESH lab focused on answering the question, "Why do people intentionally violate safety protocols?" While in the MESH lab, he participated in a number of research projects in the domain of healthcare related to information technology, systems analysis, and patient and employee safety. He has experience using observational, interview, and survey data collection methodologies. He is an Associate in the Human Factors practice with Exponent Failure Analysis Associates (www.exponent.com).

Education

  • Ph.D., Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 2009
  • M.S., Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 2007
  • B.S., Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison (with honors), 2003

Publications

Alper S, Karsh B. A systematic review of the causes of safety violations in industry. Acc Anal Prev 2009; 41(4):739-754.

Karsh B, Holden RJ, Escoto KH, Alper SJ, Scanlon M, Arnold J, Skibinski K, Brown R. Do beliefs about hospital technologies predict nurses' perceptions of quality of care? A study of task-technology fit in two pediatric hospitals. Int J Hum Comput Interact 2009; 25(5):374-389.

Holden RJ, Or CKL, Alper SJ, Rivera AJ, Karsh B. A change management framework for macroergonomic field research. Appl Ergonomics 2008; 39:459-474.

Alper SJ, Holden RJ, Scanlon MC, Patel N, Murkowski K, Shalaby TM, Karsh B. Violation prevalence after introduction of a bar coded medication administration system. 2nd Healthcare Systems Ergonomics and Patient Safety International Conference, Strasbourg, France, June 2008.

Holden RJ, Alper SJ, Scanlon MC, Murkowski K, Rivera AJ, Karsh B. Challenges and problem-solving strategies during medication management: A study of a pediatric hospital before and after bar-coding. 2nd Healthcare Systems Ergonomics and Patient Safety International Conference, Strasbourg, France, June 2008.

Holden RJ, Scanlon MC, Alper SJ, Shalaby T, Hung S-Y, Karsh B. Pediatric pharmacy workload: Good, bad, and... complicated! 2nd Healthcare Systems Ergonomics and Patient Safety International Conference, Strausburg, France, June 2008.

Alper SJ, Scanlon MC, Murkowski K, Patel N, Kaushal R, Karsh B. Routine and situational violations during medication administration. Proceeding, 9th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management, São Palo, Brazil, March 2008.

Holden RJ, Alper SJ, Rivera AJ, Or CKL, Karsh B. Macroergonomic field research reframed: What can be (and has been) learned by field researchers from change management theory. Proceeding, 9th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management, São Palo, Brazil, March 2008.

Rivera AJ, Alper SJ, Scanlon MC, Kaushal R, Murkowski K, Karsh B. Healthcare interruptions in the medication administration process. Proceeding, 9th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management, São Palo, Brazil, March 2008.

Alper SJ, Holden RJ, Scanlon MC, Kaushal R, Shalaby TM, Karsh B. Using the technology acceptance model to predict violations in the medication administration process. Proceedings, 51st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Baltimore, MD, October 2007.

Holden RJ, Alper SJ, Escoto KH, Kaushal R, Murkowski K, Patel N, Scanlon M, Karsh B. Nursing workload and its effect on patient and employee safety. Proceeding, 51st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Baltimore, MD, October 2007.

Karsh B, Escoto KH, Alper SJ, Holden RJ, Scanlon MC, et al. Do beliefs about hospital technologies predict nurses’ perceptions of their ability to provide quality care? A study in two pediatric hospitals. Presented at the 12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Beijing, P.R. China, July 2007.

Hallock ML, Alper SJ, Karsh B. A macroergonomic work system analysis of the diagnostic testing process in an outpatient health care facility for process improvement and patient safety. Ergonomics 2006; 49(5-6):544-566.

Karsh B, Holden R, Alper SJ, Or CKL. A human factors engineering paradigm for patient safety: designing to support the performance of the healthcare professional. Qual Saf Health Care 2006; 15:59-65.

Alper SJ, Karsh B, Holden RJ, Scanlon MC, Patel N, Kaushal R. Protocol violations during medication administration in pediatrics. Paper presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2006.

Alper S, Hallock M, Karsh B. A macroergonomic analysis of why outpatient diagnostic tests get and stay lost, with implications for patient safety. 8th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management 2005; 257-252.

Hallock M, Alper S, Karsh B. Process improvement in an outpatient clinic: Application of sociotechnical systems analysis. Proceedings, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 47th Annual Meeting 2003; 1406-1410.

Hallock M, Alper S, Karsh B. A macroergonomic work system approach for process improvement in healthcare: The case of diagnostic testing. International Ergonomics Association Triennial Congress, 2003.

Book Chapters

Karsh B, Alper SJ. Work system analysis: The key to understanding health systems. Volume 2, pp. 337-348. In: Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation. AHRQ Publication Nos. 050021 (1-4), Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2004.

Professional Affiliations

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
    • Newsletter editor for the Macroergonomics Technical Group, 2005-2008
    • Reviewed papers for the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society annual meeting, 2008-Present
  • American Society of Safety Engineers

 

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