Chapter 16:

How the king moved with his host to fight against the duke of Tintagel

The king assembled all his vassals in the entrance of the forest which adjoined the land of the duke, between a plain and a great river, and told them about the duke's pride. And as they were assembled thus, he heard it said that the duke was in a castle and that he had put his wife in another, and then he went nearer to the duke, and had a blockade placed about the castle with much equipment and many ladders at the walls. And the king asked Ulfin what he could do about Iguerna, and Ulfin responded to him, "If you can take the duke, all will end with respect to him; and whoever counseled you to surround him counseled you well, for if you surround Iguerna, they will understand and you will be discovered."

And so the duke was surrounded in his castle, and there were some skirmishes there, and the duke defended himself from the king. And the king was at the castle a long time, since he could not take it, and he felt great heaviness and great trouble for Iguerna's sake, since he could not have her, and he loved her so much that he did not know how to remedy it. And one day the king, staying in his tent with a great desire for Iguerna, began to weep, and when the noblemen who were there saw him make such dole, they did not know what ailed him, and with fear each one went away and left him alone. And when Ulfin found out that the king was weeping he went to him and asked why he made such dole. The king said to him, "Ulfin, you should already know, for you know that I am dying for Iguerna, and I see that there is no remedy save death, for I have lost the desire to eat and drink; and for God's sake give me counsel."

Ulfin said to him, "Lord, certes, you are of weak heart, since you prepare to die because of a woman, and my counsel would be that you send for Merlin, since he will remedy you."

The king said, "I know that Merlin knows all my troubles and I would send for him, but I am afraid he would get angry, for I know that he is angry because of the chair at the Round Table which was tested, and I believe that it is so, for there was much I did not see; and I know that it grieves him that I love the wife of my vassal, and, as God may love me, in this matter I do not know what to do, nor have I any heart in the matter, nor may I therefore leave it be. And also, Merlin told me not to send to seek him."

And Ulfin said to him, "Lord, I am certain of one thing, that if Merlin is well and loves you as you believe he does, then he knows your troubles, and it cannot be long before you have news of him."

So Ulfin comforted the king and told him to be happy among his vassals, and not to be apart from them, and so took away one part of his troubles. The king did just as Ulfin had told him and fought against those of the castle, but he could not take it. And it happened one day that Ulfin rode through the host and found a man he did not know, and the man said to him, "Ulfin, I would willingly speak with you, if that please you."

And Ulfin told him he would be pleased to do so. Then the man left the host on foot with Ulfin on horseback, and the man to his sight was old, and Ulfin asked him who he was. He said to him, "I am an old man, as you see, and I was taken for a wise man when I was a youth, and I want to tell you a secret. Know that I was in Tintagel not long ago, and a good man told me that Uterpadragon, your king, loved the wife of the duke, and therefore he destroyed his lands. But if you and the king will give me a good reward, I know a man who will have the king speak with Iguerna, and who will give him counsel in his love."

When Ulfin heard this, he marveled and begged him to show him who the man was. The good man said, "I must first see the reward you will give me."

Ulfin said to him, "Where will I find you afterwards? for I want to go speak to the king."

And the good man said to him, "In the morning you will find me in this road, or at my command post, or here in the host."

Then they commended each other to God and the man went away, and Ulfin went back for the king and recounted to him all that had befallen. When the king heard what Ulfin said to him he was happy and asked what sort of man it was. Ulfin said to him that it was a little old man, and the king said to him, "Then I beg you, when you speak with him, to promise him whatever he wants, or else not to speak to him without me."

And so this matter remained until morning, and the king was much happier than his usual wont. And the next day, after mass, the king wished to ride out, and Ulfin rode with him, and they went through the host, and passed by a cripple, but did not see hide nor hair of him, and the king passed right by him, and he began to shout aloud and say, "King, may God allow you to fulfill your wishes! Give me one thing, and you will not regret it."

And the king looked at him and said to Ulfin, "Did you do what I commanded you?"

And Ulfin said, "Yes, lord."

The king said, "Did you hear what that cripple said, and that he mentioned the thing I most wish to see? Go near him and tell him that I will give him whatever he wants."

Ulfin went to the cripple and when he saw him said to him, "And you, what do you want?"

The cripple laughed and said, "The king is understood, and we know each other better than you know us. Know that the good man you saw last night sent me to you, but I will not tell you what he told me. However, tell the king that he will soon understand who I was."

And Ulfin said to him, "Lord, I would not dare to ask you who you are."

The cripple said to him, "Ask the king, for he will tell you."

And Ulfin rode back and ended up behind the king, and when he arrived, the king said to him, "Ulfin, why do you go behind me thus? Did I not tell you to stay with the cripple?"

"Lord, you will meet him sooner than I, and he says to me that you will tell me his deeds, for he does not want to tell me anything more."

And when the king heard this, he returned very quickly. And when they arrived at the place where the cripple was, they did not find him there, and the king said to Ulfin, "He who spoke with you last night in the semblance of an old man was Merlin, the same you saw today as a cripple."

And Ulfin said, "Lord, could it be true that he is able to disfigure himself?" And the king said to him, "Yes, and believe for certain that he you saw is Merlin, who goes about laughing at us, and he will make you quite aware, when he wishes, who he is."

And so they let that be and rode out of the host through the countryside, and, as they rode, Merlin came to the tent of the king in the semblance which everyone knew, and asked where the king was. And a good man then ran after the king and said that Merlin sought him. And when the king heard this, he was very happy and went to his tent, and, while going, said to Ulfin, "Now you will understand what I told you, that Merlin comes when he wants, for I knew that we sent to seek him in vain."

And Ulfin said, "Lord, now we will see how best you may show him honor and courtesy, for this is the one man in all the world who can help you most against Iguerna."

And the king said, "That is true, and I will do what he commands."

So the king rode talking toward his tent, and found Merlin there, and received him very well and embraced him and said to him, "What can I tell you of my deeds and of what I need that you do not know better than I? And never did man delay more than you in coming to see me, and I beg you in God's name to pity me."

And Merlin said to him, "I will tell you nothing without Ulfin here."

The king then had Ulfin called, and then all three went aside. And the king said, "Merlin, I told Ulfin that you were the good man he spoke with last night and the cripple we saw today."

And Ulfin examined his face very closely and said, "Merlin, is what the king says true?"

And Merlin said, "It is faultlessly true."

And Ulfin said to the king, "Lord, now you should let Merlin know of your deeds and grief, for from today on weeping, as you did when you were alone, is worthless to us."

And the king said to him, "I do not know what to say to him nor what to beg of him, for he knows my heart and all my deeds well and I could not say anything to him which he was not better aware of. And I beg you in God's name to help me possess Iguerna."

And Merlin said to him, "Now I will see what the heart of a man is worth."

The king said to him, "You could ask nothing of me I would not give you, if I could do it without sin."

And Merlin said to him, "How will I be sure of that?"

And the king said to him, "As you command."

Merlin said to him, "Lord, you will swear on the evangelical saints, and you will make Ulfin swear, that you will give me what I ask you the morning after I allow you to possess Iguerna for your pleasure."

The king said, "Yes, very willingly."

And Merlin said that Ulfin had to swear as well. And Ulfin said that it troubled him because Merlin had not already sworn and fulfilled his oath. And when Merlin heard this, he said, "When the oath is made, I will then tell you how this will be."

Then the king had his relics and Bible brought, and he and Ulfin swore as Merlin wished. And the king said, "Now I tell you and beg of you to think about our deed."

Merlin said to him, "Lord, we must go early in the morning to where Iguerna is, for she is a very good lady and very wise, and much loved by God and her husband; but now you will see what power I have to deceive her. And I will change you to the figure of the duke so well, that she will not know you, and Ulfin and I will go in the semblance of two of the duke's favorite vassals whom he much loves, whose names are Jordan and Bretel, so that no man in the world will know us. And I will take the semblance of Jordan and give Ulfin the semblance of Bretel, and I will have the door of Iguerna's castle opened and you will go to bed with her, and do with her as her husband would; but we must leave very early, and after that we will hear strange news; and you must now tell your noblemen that no one must ride against the castle until you return; and make sure you tell this secret to no one."

And as soon as the king heard this he was very happy and commanded his noblemen what Merlin had told him to command. And the next day, early in the morning, all three rode out alone, and traveled until they arrived at Tintagel. Then Merlin said to the king, "Lord, stay here with Ulfin and I will come back in a little while."

Then he left and picked an herb and returned to the king and said to him, "Put this herb on your face and hands."

And the king took it in his hands and crushed it, and put the juice of it on his face, and wrapped his hands in it, and as soon as he had done so, he changed truly into the semblance of the duke.

Merlin said to the king, "Now remember whether you ever saw Bretel."

The king said, "I know him well."

And Merlin took Ulfin aside and gave him the semblance of Bretel, and took him by the horse's rein and brought him to the king.

And Ulfin, when he saw the king, crossed himself and said, "God, my lord. How can any man's semblance be changed to another's?"

Merlin said to Ulfin, "How does the king seem to you?"

And Ulfin said, "I see nothing here save the duke, without doubt."

And the king told Ulfin that he truly looked like Bretel. And so it was that they saw Merlin, who looked to them like Jordan himself. So Merlin transformed the king and Ulfin and himself, and so they went on their way to the castle in those seemings, and were very well received. And Uterpadragon and Iguerna lay that night as one, and that night the good king Arthur was engendered. And the lady felt great pleasure with the king, believing that he was the duke, and so they lay that night. And when the dawn began to break, news arrived that the duke was dead, and his castle taken; and when Jordan and Bretel, who were already awake, heard those news, they went very quickly to their lord, who lay sleeping, and told him to arise and go to his castle, for the people were saying that the duke was dead. And he said, "It is not a marvel that they think so, for I left the castle in such guise that no one knew when I came here."

Then he left Iguerna and, telling her goodbye, kissed her before those who were there, and they left the castle so that no one knew them, and as soon as they were outside it, they were very happy and Merlin said to the king, "Lord, you have to the full what I promised you, and now I want you to give me what you promised me."

The king said, "You did me the most service and pleasure any man ever did, and what I promised you I will fulfill quite well."

"So I wish it," Merlin said, "and I want you to know that Iguerna bears your child, and I wish you to give me this child, because you should not have it yourself; and have that put in writing tonight, and you will see whether I tell you the truth."

And the king said, "I give him to you, and I will do what you tell me, and anything else besides."

They rode thus talking until they arrived at a shore of a lovely water, and there they washed off the herbs, and then returned to their own semblances. Then they rode and traveled as fast as they could and went to their host. And the king asked how the death of the duke had happened, and they said to him, "Yesterday morning, when you left here, all the host was quiet and in peace, and the duke found out you were not here and had his people arm, and had those on foot come out through this door and those on horseback through the other, and they ran to the host, and did us great harm before we could arm ourselves. And as soon as your people had armed, they went out to attack the enemy and pressed them back against the door, and the duke was there and did many deeds of arms, and they killed his horse, and your commoners killed him because they did not know him, and we entered with them on their return and took the castle, for all they could defend themselves after the duke was dead."

So was the castle taken, and the king said that the death of the duke grieved him much, and that they should show him how he might make amends for it, for he did not love the duke less because the man had wished to kill him.

Ulfin said to the king that it seemed good to him, since the deed was done, to make amends as best they could to his lady and his relatives. Then Ulfin went aside with other important men in the host and said, "Lords, the death of the duke displeases the king, and it should also displease us, and to my way of thinking we should counsel the king to make some amends to the duke's wife and relatives, and have them assemble in Tintagel; and that he make them such amends, that afterwards they will wish nothing greater."

And all the noblemen said that they inclined toward that counsel, and they went with this argument to the king, but they did not tell him that Ulfin had said anything to them, for he had forbidden them to tell. And as soon as the king heard this argument from his noblemen, he said, "I agree to this counsel."

Then he had it proclaimed through all the duke's lands for people to come to him in Cardoyl, safe and secure, and that he would make amends to them for all things they might wish of him. Then the king went to Tintagel, and Merlin said to the king in secrecy, "Do you know who gave that counsel?"

"Yes," the king said, "my noblemen gave it."

"It is not so," said Merlin, "but the wise and loyal Ulfin. For he thought about how you might make peace so as to win Iguerna. Certes," he said, "he gave you good counsel, for from here on you will have what you desire. And now I will go; you should ask Ulfin how he thought of this peace."

The king had Ulfin called, and he came then, and the king asked him what Merlin had told him to ask, and Ulfin gave him the story, from which the king took pleasure to see that he was so wise, and took what he said for good counsel. When this had passed, Merlin said to the king, "Lord, you promised me that you would give me your son in reward for what I did for you, for it is neither good nor right that evil should come to those who do not merit it; and it would be a great sin of mine if I did not help his mother to escape shame; and I want Ulfin to write down the day and night on which he was engendered, because you believe that Ulfin would never counsel you except to your benefit and your honor, and I want this to be so secret that no one ever knows it, so that your honor is guarded,. I will not speak to you for six months, but after the six months I will speak with you and with Ulfin, and nine months from now, when Iguerna must give birth to her child, I will speak with Ulfin, and believe what I send to say to you if you wish my love."

Then Ulfin wrote about the conception and Merlin said to the king, "Make sure that Iguerna does not know you lay with her, nor that she conceived by you, and this will be the one thing in the world which will make her give birth in the time which nature approves, thinking that the child is by her husband the duke; and if you say otherwise, it will be one reason you may lose her. There is nothing which will help you more than that."

Then Merlin left the king and went to Blaise in Urberlanda and recounted all these things to him, and Blaise put them in his writing, which is why we now know them. And after Merlin had left, the king remained before the castle of Tintagel, and called all of his noblemen and knights to counsel, and asked them what it seemed to them they should do on this day, since they had finally arrived at their goal. And the noblemen said to the king, "Lord, make peace with the duchess, as you said when you spoke with us, and make peace with all her people."

The king then said to two of his knights, "Go to the duchess and tell her that she cannot want to defend herself from me by force, and that, if she wishes, I will have peace and love with her and she with me, as I should."

And the messengers then went there, and got to the lady, and told their message to her and to the friends and relatives who were with her, in such manner that they said that they knew that the duke had died because of a great insanity, and that it troubled the king and that he wished to make amends for his death, and that they knew that they could not defend themselves against the will of the king, if he wished to put his will in action, which was not his intention.

And the lady and those who were with her said that they wanted to see about those words, and they then went aside and spoke a long time about it, and in the end they agreed that what the knights said was true, but they said they wanted to see what kind of amends the king wished to make, since that would mean the peace could be made. And the lady said she would not leave her castle. And with that, they went back to the messengers and asked what amends the king wished to make to the lady and to them. And the messengers responded, "We do not know the will of the king, but let it be so: that you set a day to come before him, and the king will make amends to you, as his court commands."

And then they set a day on which the lady and her relatives and friends would come before the king, and that if they came they should return safe and sound, and all agreed on it. And the messengers returned to the king and told him all that had occurred, and the king was very pleased and agreed to it, and so the suit remained. And the king and Ulfin spoke often about it, until the appointed day came. And when the appointed day had come, the king sent knights to the lady and to her friends who brought them safely. And the messengers went to the castle, and the lady and her vassals and friends, as soon as they saw that the day was already come, and the king sent for them, rode out and arrived at the host where the king was. And as soon as they were assembled, the king called his counselors and noblemen, and asked them what they thought of these doings. And they said, "Lord, it is up to you."

And the king said, "I leave it to you, who are my court, and thus the lady can demand no more of me; I leave it in your hands, and you may do what you wish about it."

They said, "Lord, let Ulfin join the counsel with us."

And when the king saw that they asked for Ulfin, it pleased him greatly. And he said to him, "Ulfin, I know you are a wise man, and know all about these doings. Go with them and counsel them the best you know how."

And Ulfin said he would do it willingly, since the king commanded it. And Ulfin and the noblemen and men of letters talked much in that conference and said many different things, and they did not agree, and Ulfin said, "You see that the king left himself to your counsel. Therefore let us go to find out from the lady and her relatives whether they choose to accept what we will command, for the king wishes to do so."

And all of them said that he spoke well. Then they went to the lady and the others and spoke thus, "Lords, the king our lord puts himself in our power, and wants to do all we will command in regard to these doings, and if you agree to this and choose to accept what we will order, we will be pleased."

And the lady and the others said, "It pleases us much, for the king has done no less than we in putting himself with us under the judgment of his court."

And this was signed by one side and the other, and so they left and spoke much about these doings, and spent much time in give-and-take in strange ways, and Ulfin said, "I will tell you what I see in these doings. You know," said Ulfin, "the duke was killed because of the king, however it happened, wrongly or rightly; but he did nothing to deserve death, and his wife was pregnant, and her land was destroyed. And you also know that this is the best and most honorable lady in the land, and the most beautiful, and you know that the duke's relatives lost a great deal in his death; therefore it is good and right that they recover their losses, and that the king give them something of his own to have their love. And on the other hand you know that the king does not have a wife, and I tell you that to my way of thinking the king ought to take the lady to wife, and it would be a agreeable thing and what he ought to do to have her love. And all those of the kingdom who hear this, will take it for very honorable amends; and the king should also see that Iguerna's daughter be married to the king of Orkney, who is here. And this is how it seems to me, lords, and you can take other counsel, if you do not accept this."

And the noblemen and wise men said, "You have given the best counsel a man could give, and if you dare tell the king, and the king accepts it, we accept it."

Ulfin said, "Come to an agreement about my counsel, if it seems good to you, and then I will tell the king; and you see here the king of Orkney who is greatly concerned in this peace."

And the king of Orkney said, "I promise you that I do not want the peace to be prevented because of anything which pertains to me."

And when the others heard this, all agreed on this counsel, and as soon as they had agreed, they took Iguerna aside and said to her, "Since, lady, you left these doings of yours in our hands, you and your friends and relatives should come with us, and we will tell you and the king in what manner peace will be made, as it is ordered."

Then they went to the king's tent and the king received them honorably and the lady as well, and had her seated next to him, and the others sat down near him at his feet. And Ulfin rose and told what had been spoken of among them, and he said to the king, "Lord, do you agree that what these lords say is good?"

"I do agree to it," said the king.

And Ulfin said, "Then, lord, they hold it good that you take Iguerna to wife, and that King Lot take her eldest daughter to wife as well."

And King Lot, who was there, said, "Lord, you could not tell me anything I would not do for your love and service, as long as you bring the kingdom to true peace."

Then Ulfin said to all those who were there on the behalf of the lady, "And you, lords, do you accept this counsel?"

They looked at the lady and the others who were there on her behalf and asked how it seemed to them. They said that they had never seen a lord who made such great amends for his vassal. And they asked the lady and said to her, "Lady, do you praise the peace which would be thus made?"

And the lady was silent. And her relatives said as one, "No man would disdain this peace, and we praise it and it pleases us greatly, for we take the king for such a good and loyal lord, that we leave everything to his word."

In this guise, as you have heard, was the peace granted by one side and the other, and so Uterpadragon took Iguerna to wife, and gave her youngest daughter to be the wife of Urien, king, and her name was Morgaina. And from the daughter of Iguerna who was given to King Lot came Galvan, and Agravain, and Gariete. And from her who was given to King Urien whose name was Morgaina, came Ivan, but this did not occur before Arthur was known as the son of Uterpadragon, nor then, but afterwards, as Merlin told Iguerna. And that Morgaina later vanquished Merlin, as this chronicle will eventually recount, for he taught her such necromancy and enchantments that it was a marvel, and because she found out so much, she was afterwards called Morgaina the fairy. And these children of whom you have heard, the king loved dearly, and made them many gifts, as I will tell you, and he afterwards enriched the relatives of the duke, just as he had promised. And the king had a very rich wedding, and gave great possessions to all the knights and ladies, and the festival lasted fifteen days.

So the king married Iguerna and he was the most contented man in the world; and she was one day badly shamed before the king because her pregnancy began to show. The king being with her in bed, he put his hand on her belly, and asked her by whom she was pregnant, for she could not have become pregnant by him after he had known her as his wife, since every time he slept with her, he wrote down the time; she could also not be pregnant by the duke, for he had not slept with her at all for a long time before his death. And when the king had said this, she felt very great shame, and began to cry, and she said, "Lord, I cannot tell you a lie about this thing you ask of me. Believe that I shall tell you a marvel, if you assure me you will not leave me."

And the king agreed to it, and she told him how a man had come to her in the semblance of her husband, and two men had come with him in the semblances of two whom her husband most loved, "and so that man lay with me, I believing he was my husband, and so I became pregnant; and I know that my husband was dead then, and that man still lay with me when the news arrived, and he left then."

After she had said this, the king responded, "Guard yourself so that no one finds out, for great evil would come to you of it; and when the child is born, he will not stay with you, but we will have him brought up secretly, where I shall command you."

And the lady said, "Lord, let all be as you command."

And after the king rose he told Ulfin all that had happened with the queen, and Ulfin said, "Lord, now you may know that the queen is wise and loyal, since she did not lie to you even about so grave a matter, and you may do what Merlin commanded you, for no other course can be so much to the benefit of the child and the honor of the queen."

In this manner that issue remained until the six months had passed after which Merlin had said to Ulfin he would come, and once the birth was completed, Merlin came to Ulfin and asked him for news. Ulfin told him what he had found out about the king and the queen, and Merlin said to Ulfin, "Now I am acquitted of the sin I committed for their love, but I am not acquitted of the sin I committed against Iguerna, because someone will have to know whose her son is."

Ulfin said to him, "You are so wise that you will make quite sure no one suspects."

Merlin said, "Then you must help me, and I will tell you how. There is a good man here with his wife, and he is the best and most loyal in goodness of all in the kingdom, and they have a child who was just born; and the good man is rich, and will do all you command him, so give some gifts to this man, and as soon as the king's child is born, give him to them to bring up for a year, and give him no milk save for that of this lady, and let them give their son to another woman."

And Ulfin said that he would do just that. And Merlin left him and went to his master Blaise. And after Merlin had left, Ulfin told the king all that Merlin had told him. And Uterpadragon sent for the good man and said to him, "Friend, you must do me a service."

The good man said that he would do what he was commanded. The king said to him, "I dreamed tonight that a man came before me and said to me that you were the best man in the ways of goodness in this land, and that your wife had had a baby, and that you sought a nurse for him. Since it is so, I will have a nurse given you and for love of me let your wife give her breast to another child which I will have given her, and let her give him the breast, and no other."

"Lord," he said, "my wife and I will do so; but tell me when I will receive the child."

"I do not know," said the king.

The good man said, "There is nothing in the world I would not do, lord, at your command."

Then the king gave him such a gift that the good man marveled, and went to his wife and said to her, "Friend, the king has made us rich, and we must do his command, and seek a woman who will bring up our child, for when we find one, the king will give us another child whom you must feed with your milk."

And the lady granted it. And the good man was very happy, and the good lady fed her own child until she was given the other, and afterwards she sought a nurse to feed her own.

A little after this, the queen had her baby, and the day before Merlin came secretly and said to Ulfin, "It pleases me greatly that the king has progressed so well in what I told him; tell him to tell his wife that tonight at midnight she will have her baby, and that she should have him given to the first man found outside the palace."

Ulfin said to him, "What? You will not be with him?"

"No," said Merlin.

Then Ulfin told the king what Merlin had said to him, and when the king heard it, he was very pleased and said, "Will he not speak with me before he goes?"

Ulfin said, "No; do what he tells you."

Then the king went to the queen and said to her, "Lady, believe one thing for me. At midnight you will have your child; have it given to one of your favorites, who will give it to the first man she finds at the doors of the palace, and make sure those who are with you do not say that you had a child by some man of the world, for it would be great shame to you and to me, for many will say that it was not mine, because by reason it will seem thus."

"Lord," she said, "this is true, and I will do what you command me, as one who takes great shame from this adventure; but I marvel greatly how you know when my child will be born."

So they left each other at her words, and the pains came upon the queen, and stayed until the time he had said, and she had her child, and called one of her favorites and said, "Take this child and give him to the first man you find at the doors of the palace, and pay attention to what sort of man it is."

And she did what the queen commanded her, and wrapped the child in rich cloths and went to the door, and found there a man so old as to be a marvel, and the lady said to him, "What are you waiting for here?"

And he said, "This child you carry."

And she asked him who he was, and what she would say to her lady about to whom she gave her child.

He said to her, "You have no need to ask this; do what they commanded you."

And she left him the child, and returned to her lady, and told her that she gave the child to an old man, but she did not know who he was. And the queen wept from worry, and he who took the child, carried him to the good man who was to bring him up, whose name was Antor, and found that he was hearing mass, and took the semblance of an old man. And he said to him, "Antor, I wish to speak with you."

And Antor examined him and he seemed to be a good man, so he said to him, "I will willingly speak with you."

And the old man said, "I bring you a child and counsel you to bring him up better than you would your own child, and know that great good will come to you and your relatives, better than you can believe."

And Antor said, "Is this the child the king told me of?"

"Yes, without doubt," said the old man. "And bring him up well, for soon great good will come to us from him, and you will love him as much as your own son and more; and have him baptized and give him the name Arthur."

And Antor said, "Who may I tell the king gave him to me?"

And the old man told him, "Of my deed you may not now know more, but do what I counsel you."

So they left each other, and Antor had the child baptized, and gave him the name Arthur. And his wife brought him up and gave her own child to another woman to bring up. And Uterpadragon held his land in peace from then on until he got gout in his legs and hands. And when his enemies saw this, they rebelled against him in many places, and the king complained to his nobles, and all of them assembled, and prepared for battle as best they could, and rode against them, and those of the king were vanquished, like a people without a lord. And the king lost half his people there; and the Saxons who remained in the land as captives of the king and who had villas and castles whence they obeyed him and gave him his tribute, rose up with the others when they saw the king vanquished, and a very great force was assembled against the king.

Merlin, who knew all these things, came to Uterpadragon, who was very thin from his illness, and who was old. He said to him, "King, you are feeling great grief."

The king, when he saw him, was very pleased by him and said to him, "Ah, Merlin! Great justice God does, so that my enemies destroy my land and kill my people in battle."

"Now you may understand," said Merlin, "that no people is worth anything in battle without a good lord, but I will tell you what to do. Have yourself put in a horse litter, and go to combat your enemies, and know truly that you will vanquish them. And once they are vanquished, divide what is there into a part for God and your souls and a part for your people, for there is no honor without alms; and know that you cannot live much longer, and your wife Iguerna is in such a way that you can have no other heir, and because of this you must do good for your soul. And beg Ulfin to believe what I shall tell him, and to help me keep faith with your son."

The king responded to him, "You tell me a great thing, that I can vanquish my enemies in a litter, but how can this be, pleasing Our Lord?"

Merlin said, "You will come to a good end; fight this battle I tell you of without fear."

The king said he would do it, and asked him, "Merlin, where is my child? for I wish to know of him."

And Merlin said, "Do not ask me where he is. Know that the child is big and handsome and well-bred."

The king said to him, "Merlin, will I ever see him?"

"Yes," he said, "once and no more."

Then they parted, and the king had his host assembled and had a very beautiful, rich and strong litter made, and had himself placed in them, and then went against his enemies and vanquished and defeated them, and returned to London, and took his treasures and divided them very well, just as the prelates of the sacred church commanded.