Using Asian Scripts with the PAIR resource catalog

This help file contains information on the following topics:



Browsers that have been tested and approved

We have conducted testing with several standard browsers on both the Windows and Macintosh platform to verify their display support of Asian Scripts. They include:

Windows XP Professional v.5.1 Tested Browsers

  • Firefox v.1.0
  • Mozilla v.1.7.3
  • Opera v.7.54
  • Internet Explorer v.6.0

Macintosh OS X v.10.3.5 Tested Browsers

  • Firefox v.1.0
  • Safari v.1.2.3
  • Opera v.7.54
  • Internet Explorer v.5.2

With the exception of Internet Explorer v.5.2 for the Macintosh, all the browsers performed fairly well, displaying most of the scripts with few issues. The unresolved display issues that we have found have been documented for your reference.

Based on our testing, we do not recommend using Internet Explorer v.5.2 for the Macintosh because it has several unresolved display issues. Therefore you should use one of the other browsers identified for the Macintosh platform above to get full Asian Script functionality while utilizing the PAIR resource catalog.

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Browser Settings: tips and tricks

If you are having trouble displaying a particular Asian script, the first thing you should do to ensure proper viewing is to install the required font on either your PC or Macintosh computer. An extensive list of required fonts for viewing a variety of languages can be found on Alan Wood’s Unicode Resources Web site. Once you have done this, and you still are not able to view the script with your Web browser, then you should try some of the configuration setting modifications we provide here. Once again, we have conducted our testing with what we think are the most popularly used Web browsers and operating systems.

Below are Web browser configurations we modified in order to view specific Asian character sets on the PC and Macintosh platforms. We have used the language character sets that had initial trouble displaying in these browsers as examples, but the configuration settings can be modified in a similar way for other languages depending on the resources you would like to view.

Windows XP Professional v.5.1

Below are Web browser configurations we modified in order to view specific Asian character sets on the PC. We have used the Bengali language character set as an example, but the configuration settings can be modified in a similar way for other languages depending on the resources you would like to view.

Firefox v.1.0

In order to correctly display Bengali language characters in Firefox v.1.0, first you need to download and install the free UniBanglaV1.0.ttf font. We have provided a copy of it here. Next you should follow the below steps:

  • Within the Firefox browser, select "Options" from the "Tools" drop-down menu.
  • Choose the "Fonts and Colors" button.
  • Next to "Fonts for:" select "Unicode" from the drop-down menu.
  • Next to "Serif," "Sans Serif," and "Monospace" select "UniBangla" from the drop-down menu.
  • Select the "OK" button as you back out of the menu windows (you will select it two times).

You will now be able to see Bengali characters without problems when viewing the catalog resources. Note: when you switch the Unicode font to specifically use the UniBangla font to display these character ranges, you will not be able to display Cyrillic ligatures correctly. If you would like to view resources requiring Cyrillic ligatures, you will need to switch back to the "Aria Unicode MS" font for the Unicode "Fonts for" setting.

Mozilla v.1.7.3

In order to correctly display Bengali language characters in Mozilla v.1.7.3, first you need to download and install the free UniBanglaV1.0.ttf font. We have provided a copy of it here. Next you should follow these steps:

  • Within the Mozilla browser, select "Preferences" from the "Edit" drop-down menu.
  • Under "Available Character Encoding."
  • Select "User Defined " from the "Fonts For:" drop-down list.
  • Under TypeFace select "Sans Serif" from the "Proportional" drop-down list.
  • Still under TypeFace select "UniBangla" from the "Serif," "Sans-serif," "Cursive," "Fantasy,"
    and "Monospace" drop-down menu.
  • Select the "OK" button to save your changes (you will select it once).

Next

  • Still within the Mozilla browser, choose the "View" drop-down menu, and select "Customize" from the "Character Encoding " drop-down sub-menu.
  • Under the "Available Character Encoding" list, scroll down and choose the "User Defined" encoding (click once until it is highlighted) and select the "Add" button.
  • "User Defined" will now appear under the "Active Character Encodings" list on the right.
  • Select the "OK" button to save your changes.

You will now be able to see Bengali characters without problems when viewing the catalog resources. Note: when you switch the Unicode font to specifically use the UniBangla font to display these character ranges, you will not be able to display Cyrillic ligatures correctly. If you would like to view resources requiring Cyrillic ligatures, you will need to switch back to the "Aria Unicode MS" font for the Unicode "Fonts for:" setting.


Opera v.7.54

In order to correctly display Bengali language characters in Opera v7.54, first you need to download and install the free UniBanglaV1.0.ttf font. We have provided a copy of it here. Next you should follow these steps:

  • Within the Opera browser, select "Preferences" from the "Tools" drop-down menu.
  • Choose "Fonts" from the left side-bar.
  • Select the "International Fonts" button at the bottom of the menu that appears on the right.
  • Under the "Writing System" drop-down menu choose "Bengali."
  • Under the "Normal Font" sub-menu select "UniBangla" as the font.
  • Select the "OK" button as you back out of the menu windows (you will select it two times).

You will now be able to see Bengali characters without problems when viewing the catalog resources.

 

Macintosh OS X v.10.3.5

Below are Web browser configurations we modified in order to view specific Asian character sets on the Macintosh. We have used specific language character sets as an example when certain browsers had difficulty displaying them, but the configuration settings can be modified in a similar way for other languages depending on the resources you would like to view. Only Browsers where we were able to make configuration changes to successfully view Asian scripts that had not been displaying successfully previously are listed at this time.

Firefox v.1.0 - Thai characters

In order to correctly display Thai language characters in Firefox v.1.0, first you need to download and install the Loma.ttf font. You may find a free copy of it here. Next you should follow the below steps:

  • Within the Firefox browser, select "Preferences" from the "Firefox" drop-down menu.
  • Choose the "Fonts and Colors" button.
  • Next to "Fonts for:" select "Thai" from the drop-down menu.
  • Next to "Proportional" select "Sans Serif " from the drop-down menu.
  • Next to "Serif," "Sans Serif," and "Monospace" select "Loma" from the drop-down menu.
  • Select the "OK" button as you back out of the menu windows (you will select it two times).

You will now be able to see Thai characters without problems when viewing the catalog resources.

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Font Resources

One of the best resources we have found is Alan Wood’s Unicode Resources Web site.

In addition to providing general information on the Unicode specification and how computer operating systems, applications, and fonts interact with each other to display multilingual character sets, it also provides in depth information on how to configure specific applications to display non-Latin character sets, and where to find fonts specifically required to properly display the various Unicode character set ranges.

The Web site covers every popularly used standard operating system, and a wide variety of Web browsers (along with other applications). The Web site even goes one step further, and provides test pages for specific fonts/character sets where you can check to see if your Web browser is displaying the multilingual unicode character ranges correctly.

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Unresolved Display Issues

Here is a list of the Asian script elements that are not currently displaying correctly, and have not been resolved (i.e., we have not been able to determine what causes these problems and therefore are not able to give you tips about how to resolve them). These issues are listed first by platform, then by browser. We have selected the operating systems and browsers for our testing based upon current popular use.

Note: The combining double inverted breve (0361) display issue is a problem in both Html and non-Html versions of text for the browsers listed. Therefore, that issue is a browser display issue for those particular browsers. The only browsers that are currently capable of displaying the combining double inverted breve character (non-Html version text only) are Firefox v.1.0 and Mozilla v.1.7.3 on the PC platform.

Asian Script elements not displaying correctly on the PC platform:
(Windows XP Professional v.5.1)

  1. Opera v.7.54
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib.

  2. Internet Explorer v.6.0
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib.

Asian Script elements not displaying correctly on the Macintosh platform:
(Mac OS X v.10.3.5)

  1. Firefox v.1.0
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib.
    • Bengali characters in PAIR.240284.bib, and PAIR.240487.bib (all views).

  2. Opera v.7.54
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib.

  3. Safari v.1.2.3
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib.
    • Bengali characters in PAIR.240284.bib, and PAIR.240487.bib (all views).

  4. Internet Explorer v.5.2
    • Combining double inverted breve (0361) character not displaying
      in PAIR.270060.bib, and PAIR.410007.bib (individual and full view).
    • Hangul right and left half ring characters (02BE and 02BF)
      in PAIR.280003.bib (individual and full view).
    • Thai characters in PAIR.420199.bib, PAIR.450081.bib, and PAIR.420239.bib
      (individual and full view).
    • Bengali characters in PAIR.240284.bib, and PAIR.240487.bib (all views).
    • Devangari characters in PAIR.240429.bib, PAIR.240480.bib, PAIR.240425.bib,
      and PAIR.240489.bib (all views).
    • Telugu characters in PAIR.240281.bib (all views).
    • Gujarati characters in PAIR.240424.bib, and PAIR.240490.bib (all views).
    • Kannada characters in PAIR.240282.bib, PAIR.240286.bib, and PAIR.240387.bib (all views).

     

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Reporting New Display Issues

If you experience additional display issues that have not been listed under the "Unresolved Display Issues" section of this help document while using the PAIR resource catalog, you may report them by contacting us.

Please be sure to tell us the operating system and browser (including version) you are using at the time you experience the problem, the Asian script type and character that is not displaying correctly, and the catalog Local Identifier (last field name title of each record) of the record in which you experienced the problem. This will help us better pin-point where you have experienced the problem, and what script element is not displaying properly.

Once we have this information from you, we will research the problem you have experienced, and contact you with a possible solution. We will also let you know if we were unable to resolve the problem and therefore do not have a solution to offer.

 

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Getting more help

If you have a question that we haven't answered here, please feel free to email us!

 


 

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