About This Item

Ask the MINDS@UW Librarian

Morphology and crystallization kinetics in HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition

Show full item record

File(s):

Author(s)
Ho, M.-Y.; Gong, H.; Wilk, G. D.; Busch, B. W.; Green, M. L.; Voyles, P. M.; Muller, D. A.; Bude, M.; Lin, W. H.; See, A.; Loomans, M. E.; Lahiri, S. K.; Raisanen, Petri I.
Citation
Journal of Applied Physics 93, 1477 (2003)
Date
Feb 2003
Subject(s)
fluctuation electron microscopy; gate dielectric; HfO2
Abstract
We report the effects of annealing on the morphology and crystallization kinetics for the high-k gate dielectric replacement candidate hafnium oxide (HfO2). HfO2 films were grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on thermal and chemical SiO2 underlayers. High-sensitivity x-ray diffractometry shows that the as-deposited ALD HfO2 films on thermal oxide are polycrystalline, containing both monoclinic and either tetragonal or orthorhombic phases with an average grain size of ~8.0 nm. Transmission electron microscopy shows a columnar grain structure. The monoclinic phase predominates as the annealing temperature and time increase, with the grain size reaching ~11.0 nm after annealing at 900 �C for 24 h. The crystallized fraction of the film has a strong dependence on annealing temperature but not annealing time, indicating thermally activated grain growth. As-deposited ALD HfO2 films on chemical oxide underlayers are amorphous, but show strong signatures of ordering at a subnanometer level in Z-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy and fluctuation electron microscopy. These films show the same crystallization kinetics as the films on thermal oxide upon annealing.
Permanent link
http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/63502 
Export
Export to RefWorks 

Part of

Show full item record

Search and browse




About MINDS@UW

Deposit materials

  1. Register to deposit in MINDS@UW
  2. Need deposit privileges? Contact us.
  3. Already registered? Have deposit privileges? Deposit materials.